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American-Style Option

An option that can be exercised any time up to and including the expiration date.


Price at which an option or stock is offered for sale

At-the-Money (ATM)

Option's strike price equal to the underlying asset's market price.


Price at which an option or stock is available for purchase

Black-Scholes Model

Model used to calculate European-style options prices

Break-Even Point

Price at which an option position neither gains nor loses value

Butterfly Spread

Options strategy with limited risk and profit potential

Calendar Spread

Options strategy involving options with same strike price but different expiration dates

Call Option

Contract giving the right to buy an asset at a specified price


Options strategy to limit risk and potential profit

Covered Call

Options strategy involving a long position and selling a call option


Measure of an option's price sensitivity to the underlying asset's price

European-Style Option

Option that can only be exercised on its expiration date

Extrinsic Value

Portion of option's price attributed to factors other than intrinsic value


Measure of the rate of change of an option's delta


Measures of risk in options pricing

Implied Volatility

Measure of expected volatility of the underlying asset

In-the-Money (ITM)

Option with strike price favorable relative to the underlying asset's market price

Intrinsic Value

Value of an option if exercised immediately

Iron Condor

Options strategy involving selling out-of-the-money calls and puts

Long position

a long position in a financial instrument means the holder of the position owns a positive amount of the instrument.


The amount of money or collateral that an investor must deposit with a broker to cover potential losses on an options position.

Naked Option

Selling option without owning the underlying

Notional Value of an Option

Theoretical value of the underlying asset represented by an option

Option chain

A list of options available for a specific underlying asset

Option Premium

The price paid by the buyer of an option to the seller.

Out of the Money

An option with no intrinsic value


A perpetual, oracle-less, decentralized, option based on Uniswap V3.

Perpetual Options

Options with no expiration date

Price Oracles in Blockchains

External data providers for blockchain-based smart contracts

Put Option

A contract that gives the holder the right, but not the obligation, to sell an underlying asset at a specified price (strike price)

Range (Uniswap V3)

The range where users provide liquidity

Short Position

Strategy betting on a decline in an asset's price

Streaming Premia

The way Panption sellers collect fees


Measure of an option's price sensitivity to time decay

Volatility Smile

Implied volatility pattern across options with different strike prices